JosiiniJames S. Miller and Andrew V. Z. Brower
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IntroductionA group of neotropical day-flying moths with black and yellow aposematic color patterns.
Josiini possess a unique metathoracic tympanal organ that separates them from other moths. In addition, rami of the antennae are joined to the antennal shaft with hingelike joints, fore- and hindwing veins M3 and CuA1 are stalked, and forewings lack stridulatory organs (Miller 2009).
Larvae have a glassy surface to the head capsule and go through four instars. Pupae on the inderside of leaves are surrounded by a loose net of silk.A diagram of josiine thoracic structures. Note the kettle drum-shaped metathoracic tympanum.
Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsThe hypothesis of relationships among josiine genera is based on a cladistic analysis of larval and adult morphological characters (Miller 2009).
Miller JS. 1996. Phylogeny of the Neotropical moth tribe Josiini (Notodontidae: Dioptinae): a hidden case of Müllerian mimicry. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 118, 1-45.
Miller, JS. 2009. Generic revision of the Dioptinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea: Notodontidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 321, 1-971 + 48 plates.
Miller JS, Brower AVZ. & Desalle R. 1997. Phylogeny of the neotropical moth tribe Josiini (Notodontidae: Dioptinae): comparing and combining evidence from DNA sequences and morphology. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 60, 297-316.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to James S. Miller at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
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Page: Tree of Life Josiini Authored by . James S. Miller and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 12 August 2009
- Content changed 10 January 2010
Citing this page:
Miller, James S. and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2010. Josiini http://tolweb.org/Josiini/138572/2010.01.10 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 10 January 2010 (under construction).