Heliconius eleuchiaMargarita Beltrán and Chris Jiggins
Early stages: Eggs are yellow or white and approximately 1 x 0.8 mm (h x w). Females usually place 20 to 50 eggs on growing shoots of the host plant. Mature larvae have a yellow body, with black scoli and head; length is around 0.3 cm. Caterpillars are gregarious (Brown, 1981).
Heliconius eleuchia is distributed from Costa Rica to Ecuador. This map shows an approximate representation of the geographic distribution of this species. The original data used to draw these maps are derived from Brown (1979) which is available at Keith S. Brown Jr. (1979). Ecological Geography and Evolution in Neotropical Forests
H. eleuchia occurs from sea level to 2,000 m in riparian forest. Usually individuals fly rapidly and in the lowerstory. The males sit on female pupae a day before emergence, and mating occurs the next morning, before the female has completely eclosed. Adults roost at night in large groups on twigs or tendrils over water (Brown, 1981).
Host plant: H. eleuchia larvae feed primarily on plants from the genus Passiflora, subgenus Astrophea (Brown, 1981). In western Ecuador this species feeds mainly on Passiflora macrophyllum.
Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.
Hewitson W. C. 1854 Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies, selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson. London, John Van Voorst. 1(11): [15-16], [27-28], pls. ,  (21 July 1854)
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- First online 18 February 2007
- Content changed 13 August 2008
Citing this page:
Beltrán, Margarita and Chris Jiggins. 2008. Heliconius eleuchia http://tolweb.org/Heliconius_eleuchia/72938/2008.08.13 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 13 August 2008 (under construction).